Here is the link for the reference article: http://www.globalissues.org/article/35/foreign-aid-development-assistance
“In the United States, when world wheat prices rise by 75%, as they have over the years, it means the difference between a $2 loaf of bread and a loaf costing perhaps $2.10. If, however, you live in New Delhi, those skyrocketing costs really matter.” As quoted from ‘The New Geopolitics of Food’, it depicts the current real-life situation that the poor are faced with. Many studies have shown that there is an upward trend in the number of people living in the poverty cycle as the world’s population increases by 200,000 a day. Many philanthropists, such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, have done much to help these poor. However, many have argued it is the duty for those living in developed nations to help alleviate poverty by donating wealth and resources to the poor. This issue is subject to much debate as it becomes a hot topic in worldwide conventions nowadays.
As stated in the article, “Foreign aid or (development assistance) is often regarded as being too much, or wasted on corrupt recipient governments despite any good intentions from donor countries”, it shows that it is futile for any country to help out other nations. All money will be channeled into the pockets of the corrupt government or any other government-related organizations. By forcing developed countries to donate capital and materials, it is not guaranteed that all would be used to help the needy, hence a total waste of time and effort. I say the industrialized countries do not have any obligations towards ensuring equal distribution of wealth and resources around the globe but can do so out of their own goodwill. Thus this is offered to them as a choice and not their job to do so.
Sharing of wealth amongst the poor countries will not promote responsible governance and prudent economic management. This will inevitably give rise to corruption and over-reliance on wealthy countries for financial aid, which gives the government no incentives for economic development, lest helping to alleviate poverty in their own states. To ensure equal wealth distribution and resources, all countries need to have a unified mode of currency, for example the Singapore dollar (S$). But this would take forever as countries cannot find the solution to adjust to the economic imbalance all over the world. Thus it is not feasible for all civilizations to share equal resources as different countries have different needs in different industrial sectors. For example, science research machines are not essential in countries like Malawi, but instead they need food and water, and only developed countries like Japan would need the former. Because of the severe imbalance in economies between the 2 types of nations, there cannot be equal distribution of wealth and resources all over the world.
The term ‘equal distribution’ is also hard to define. Are we going to distribute money and resources according to population size, by land area or to different economical needs? Does it mean to say different industrial sectors would get what they want but at the same time, giving such resources to countries which do not need at all? Does it mean to say that larger countries get more money and populous countries get more resources to attend to more needs? Even so, if each country gets $100 trillion, people in more populous countries would get a smaller share than those living in less populated countries, and thus contradicts the idea of equal distribution of wealth and resources.
But some may argue that according to Karl Marx’s famous quote, “From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs”, everyone works to his utmost ability and gets compensation just enough to lead a comfortable life. Such an idea helps to promote equality, which is the equal distribution of wealth and resources around the globe. However, we know that this is totally impossible as it contradicts human nature. Human nature defines us as being inherently selfish and evil, and that we fight for what we want and not for what we need. We want more money than the rest, we want to live a better life and thus creating an imbalance in wealth distribution. Hence, technologically advanced nations are not obliged to ensure equal distribution of wealth and resources around the globe but can do so out of goodwill like many notable philanthropists.